ACE2 Respect your body22 mai 2016
During Erasmus+ Body Mobility, pupils learnt about the life of teenagers who wants to be sailors in the beginning of the XXé century. Not an easy life (Small place to sleep, lot of work on boat, hygiene...)
Dunkirk bought this boat for one franc and have restored it to its current state – a three mast, 3 anchored ship. The two sides of the boat are called “starboard” and “port” and the deck itself is curved, to allow water to run off the ship, into the ocean.
Daily life: In the 1930s, there would be 150-200 cadets and students on board, alongside 15-20 officers and masters, including a doctor. Sailors were only allowed to have one shower a week to preserve water for more important jobs: to cook with; to wash clothes with, and to wash the boat with. Often, the same bucket of water would be recycled to complete several jobs! A bell is situated at the front of the boat and was sounded 4 times for a meal and 3 times for danger. It was very important to get the number correct!
The food that sailors ate was very basic, consisting mostly of dried biscuits, canned meat and potatoes. However, the officers had a different chef and would receive more appetising meals! The canteen, in which they ate, doubled up as the sleeping quarters and hammocks were hung close to the ceiling, to allow the day workers to sleep soundly whilst the night workers could pass below them easily. However, the masters and the doctor had more deluxe sleeping arrangements and slept in the upper deck, within their own private rooms, with a wooden framed bed. There was also an infirmary in the upper deck, where the doctor could treat patients’ illnesses and injuries. Additionally, the captain had a lounge in the highest section of the boat, where he could receive guests onto the ship and this lounge was also the only place permitted for women to be aboard the ship! Otherwise, this was an omen of bad luck.
The students would complete lessons (English, German, Maths etc.), learnt how to swim and would learn how to tend to the boat. They learnt languages to be able to converse with other sailors around the world, how to swim in case of emergencies and how to tend to the boat so that they could help the other sailors with their job. The boat had 3 anchors, the biggest of which needed 6 members of the crew to turn the mast in order to anchor the ship securely.
The Duchesse Anne (formerly called Großherzogin Elisabeth) is the last remaining full-rigged ship under French flag. It was built in 1901 with a steel hull by the yard of Joh. C. Tecklenborg of Bremerhaven-Geestemünde (Germany) according to plans drawn by Georg W. Claussen. The mainmast is 48 m tall and 25 sails were rigged. It was used as a training ship for young aspiring sailors in the German merchant marine.
The ship was handed over to France as war reparations in Dunkerque after World War II and renamed Duchesse Anne. The ship has been classified a historical monument since 5 November 1982.